History of Skincare Part 16: The Industrial Revolution, 1800-1849

The Face of the Industrial Revolution

When imagining the people who lived during the Industrial Revolution, it is easy to picture the characters from a Charles Dickens novel. It is easy to imagine cities filled with soot-faced Oliver Twists and David Copperfields. In some respects, this picture is accurate. The first half of the nineteenth century saw many major technological advances. The invention of the steam engine made manufacturing and transportation much easier and dozens of large factories sprung up within the span of a few years. New mining techniques were developed in order to produce the coal needed to power the new factories. Rural citizens, looking for work, began to migrate to major cities such as London and New York. The air was indeed filled with a Dickensian smog, but the Industrial Revolution also had a profound effect on skin care products and cosmetic use. As the average pay rose, an increasing number of ordinary citizens were finding themselves able to afford soaps and make-ups that had previously been far out of reach.

A Moral Dilemma

By the end of the eighteenth century, make-up had been deemed inappropriate for all but prostitutes and actors. While this attitude persisted throughout much of the nineteenth century, women were allowed a few cosmetic exceptions. Pale skin was still considered a mark of high birth and while the heavy lead powders of a century earlier were no longer used, they were replaced by a thin coating of zinc oxide. The zinc oxide offered the benefit of a lightened skin tone, but was more subtle and more natural looking than the caked on powder that had been so popular before. Subtle eyeshadow made from lampblack was also popular, although lip and cheek rouge remained taboo. While many women still mixed their own cosmetics, modern manufacturing techniques had made it much easier to mass produce these products. Although the use of manufactured cosmetics was extremely popular, however, it was not considered proper to buy or sell beauty products. Because of this, most stores sold them under the counter. **

In spite of the stigma that still surrounded skincare and cosmetic products, some women did speak out to promote their use. In 1833, Jacobine Weiler published a book titled, “Cosmetics of the Female Sex, or The Secret Art of Perfecting Beauty and Health and Retaining It into Old Age” that promoted cosmetic use as a beauty aid. While respectable women could not be seen buying lip or cheek rouge, numerous recipes were published describing methods for making lip pomade in the home. Recipes included common ingredients such as butter, wax and natural dies made from currants and the plant alkanna tictoria.***

For all the women who defended cosmetic use, however, there were many others who believed that wearing make-up was the first step toward a life of sin. Many books dedicated to the defamation of cosmetics were also published. “Godey’s Lady’s Book,” for example, was published around the middle of the century. It suggested that instead of trying to cover blemishes with make-up, women should rely solely on “moral cosmetics,” which included sleeping and avoiding sinful pastimes such as gambling and drinking.

Cleansing the Natural Way

As mass production methods were refined, the price of numerous hygiene products became less expensive and more readily available. While perfumed soaps had been considered a luxury item half a century earlier, soap was now commonplace in all but the poorest homes. Because women could no longer hide behind a thick layer of powder, there was a much stronger emphasis on naturally beautiful skin. Harsh cleansers were more easily produced as well, but they were often ignored in exchange for more natural skincare ingredients. Egg yolks, honey and oatmeal were all commonly used to soften the skin and help diminish blemishes. Lemon juice was sometimes used to naturally bleach the skin a few shades lighter. While naturally glowing health may have been the look of choice at the beginning of the nineteenth century, however, it would soon make way for the frail, sickly look of the Victorian Era.

References:

** Read more about nineteenth century make-up here: http://www.localhistories.org/cosmetics.html

*** Read more about the Industrial defenders of cosmetics here: http://www.cosmetic-business.com/en/showartikel.php?art_id=1409

BEANO to Bingo – History of Bingo

BINGO was originated in 16th century in ITALY. Before that a game known as “LOTTERY”was introduced which got popular within people and government. The first state that introduced this gambling game was “Lo Giuoco del Lotto d’Italia”. On years passing the name LOTTERY was changed to BINGO. Though the name was changed but the craze for this game had been on a large scale.

According to history of BINGO, at first it was named as “BEANO” and it was competed at a festival in Atlanta, Georgia. Later Mr. Edwin S. Lowe a salesman from New York named this game as “BINGO”, after that he overheard someone unexpectedly squalled “Bingo” for “Beano”. Later he engaged with a Mathematics Professor, Carl Leffler from Columbia University, to alter the probability of playing bingo cards. By 1039, he had ex-cogitated 6,000 dissimilar bingo cards.

Bingo is played in big halls with cash prizes. This Bingo game is played in every sea side towns. This is a card game of minimum size 5*5 grid. The Prizes may vary for these games but on average the prize worth for one line is £1.00 to £2.50. For two lines the prize worth may be £2.00 to £5.00. For Full house the prize worth may be £5.00 to £10.00. These prize values may vary depending on the organizer.

In large towns and cities Bingo is a Big Business and people are deadly earnest, hoping to win huge jackpots.

Bingo game comes under Gambling category. This game was played on cards. These cards are known as “Bingo Cards” having 3 rows and 9 columns, normally come in Books. A single book may contain 10 cards of different colors.

The numbers are announced by caller, so everyone must pay attention to the number that are yelled out and mark them correctly and precise on your cards. The caller yells out numbers until one or more players claim BINGO. If the player finished the first or second or third row then according to the organizer the prize was awarded. If all the numbers are stricken off in a card, this is known as House. Then the game stops and the numbers are verified. If there is a winner, the prizes are awarded.

Computer had changed the way of bingo game in bingo halls. Now a day, Bingo became portable and is able to play multiple cards at a time. The caller shouts the numbers; players have to punch the accurate numbers. These punched cards are scanned in a computer and then checks whether they are correct or not. If they are correct then the player shouts “BINGO”. There are many electronic bingo devices with different colors and sound effects.

At present we can download the tickets or the cards of bingo from online, or we can also book the tickets. While playing online the tickets are selected randomly. Every online game has a caller and announces the numbers, in some games the numbers are stricken off automatically. There are many online bingo game sites. Where a player can register, play and win prizes and also some jackpots.

Online Casino Games – History of the Online Casino Games

From the past few decades, it has been observed that the online games are growing rapidly. Most of the people are interested to play these games to relax their minds and some of them are playing for hue money. However, there is small history behind these casino games. In earlier days, if you want to play these games, you need to travel to world’s finest cities or your local casino halls. With the advent of internet technology, so many people are playing the games from their comfortable home only. Micro gaming and internet are combined and formed a new version of games called online gambling.

In earlier days of internet, most of the manufacturers of these games are introduced so much software for free of cost. After that they have added some E-commerce technologies and pioneer of technology has created some financial transactions in this software, and they launched first real money online private club called Internet Casino. After few years, these online casinos are growing rapidly, and they are improved in both formats like gaming and administrative features. And coming to the Progressive jackpot, there are so many wide ranges of features are available for you, and you are able to play with different players from different countries. And the development in internet has been creating so many options like faster and larger jack pots to the people. And also there are so many utilities are available for you, and sometimes you need to check on their gaming history and financial history.

According to this century, most of the people are interested in these online gambling games, and it is reporting a phenomenal growth and coming to the software it has upgraded their products significantly. With the help of Vegas technology, there are so many online casinos are available for you in the internet. Most of these games are compatible to all operating systems and there does not need to download these games from the web sites. Multi lingual and multi currency are the best options for these online casino games. However, there are some well established organizations are providing their valuable services and research to their clients. From the past few years, the advents in these online casino games are continuing without end. However, the government has been declaring some essential rule sand regulations to the online casinos to launder money. You need to consider so many things before selecting the best one for your needs and sometimes, you need to know about the online games and secured online truncations and many more issues.

Finally, there are some well established and experienced web sites are offering these online casino games for their customers. For more information and details, please visit their valuable web site.